Participatory conservation of the Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) in coastal Maharashtra, India.

SNM activities (Dec. 2015 to Mar. 2018)


Sahyadri Nisarga Mitra (SNM) was established in 1992 in the Konkan region of Maharashtra, India. Since then we have been working in the field of biodiversity conservation. Over the last 26 years, we have conducted projects on environment education, biodiversity research and conservation action Projects. Please check our website

Pangolin needs highest degree of protection.

Indian Pangolin is listed in Schedule I of India’s Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, implying it needs highest degree of protection. It is grouped in the endangered (EN) category of threatened species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Also, it is included under the Appendix II of International Convention of Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). In spite of the highest legislative protection, secret killings of the Indian Pangolin are prevalent.

Scaly Ant Eater

Pangolin or Scaly Ant Eater is the only true scale-bearing mammal in the world. It feeds on the eggs, larvae and adults of ants and termites some of which are serious domestic and agricultural pests. Thus, Pangolin serves as natural pest control for the human society. Geographically, there are two species of Pangolins reported in India. One of them is Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata). It is found in almost all parts of India except North Eastern states and high altitude regions in the Himalayas.

What are Pangolins?

Pangolins or scaly ant-eaters are the only true scale bearing mammals known to the world. There are eight species of Pangolins existing in the world. Of these, two species viz. Chinese Pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) and Indian Pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) are found in the Indian sub-continent. All Pangolins belong to Family Manidae of Order Pholidota. Although two species have similar morphology, Indian Pangolin can be distinguished from the Chinese Pangolin based on the size of the scales.